Guru Granth Sahib Ji
Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji or Adi Sri Granth Sahib Ji is something other than a sacred text of the Sikhs, for the Sikhs respect and regard the Granth as their living Guru.
The uncovered sacred content traverses 1430 pages and contains the genuine words talked by the authors of the Sikh religion. Guru Granth Sahib was presented the Guruship by the remainder of the human shape Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji in 1708.
Prior to passing endlessly, Guru Gobind Singh Ji announced that the Sikhs were to see the Granth Sahib Ji as their next and everlasting Guru. Master Ji said – “Sab Sikhan ko hokam hai Guru Manyo Granth” signifying “. All Sikhs are directed to accept the Granth as Guru”. So today, if asked, the Sikhs will disclose to you that they have an aggregate of 11 Gurus.
History & Composition of Shri Guru Granth Sahib:-
Guru Nanak Dev Ji conveyed the Word of God to show up on Earth. Through his Hymns and Prayers, he enlivened and elevated mankind to carry on with the existence of truth, exemplary nature and otherworldliness.
These edifying words were sung by his allies, Bala and Mardana, and by the Sangats (gatherings) that grew up around Guru Nanak. In his later years at Kartarpur, it wound up a standard for the individuals from the Sikh people group to sing certain psalms every day: Japji early in the day; So Dar thus Purakh, the beginnings of Rehiras, in the nighttimes.
Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das Ji, and Guru Ram Das Ji all formed Shabads (psalms), and the Sikhs started to gather these in little books, called Pothis.
Droning these Shabads, the Sikhs progressed toward becoming vehicles for the vibrations of the “Expression of God”, and they accomplished a condition of higher awareness, an extraordinary reflective association with God and Guru.
Structure of the Guru Granth Sahib :-
Inside it’s 1430 pages, the shabads of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji are orchestrated in thirty-one Ragas, the customary Indian melodic measures and scales. Inside the Ragas, they are masterminded by request of the Sikh Gurus, with the shabads of the Hindu and Muslim Saints following. The shabads are composed in different meters and rhythms and are sorted out as needs be.
The Sri Guru Granth Sahib is composed in Gurmukhi content, however, the shabads were composed in a wide range of dialects including Punjabi, Sanskrit and Persian.
For instance, from the list, it very well may be seen that the Japji Sahib begins at page 1 and finishes at page 8; Sukhmani Sahib is situated from pages 262 to 296; the Bara Maha bani can is found at pages 133 to 136; The bani called Anand Sahib can be found at pages 917 to 922, and so forth.
The Beginning :-
The Guru Granth Sahib Ji starts with “Ek Onkar” – The All Pervading Being. From this Word to the tenth Word “Gur-parshad” is known as the Mool Mantra. After this is whatever remains of the arrangement called the Japji formed by Guru Nanak Dev.
This includes 38 Pauris or stanzas, a Prologue and an Epilog. This is one of the morning supplication of the Sikhs.
The following sythesis has two sections – (1) “So Dar” and (2) “So Purkh“. The Bani, “So Dar” contains 5 Shabads and “So Purkh” contains 4 Shabads.
This shape the majority of the night petition of the Sikhs and is known as the Rehras. After this is the Bani called Sohila Ji (full name, Kirtan Sohila), which contains 5 Shabads and is the sleep time supplication.
The 31 Ragas :-
The Adi Granth begins with the a non-raga area which starts with Japji as the main section taken after by Rehras and completion with Kirtan Sohila Ji. At that point starts the principle area comprising of 31 Ragas or parts. A raga is a melodic structure or set of standards of how to construct a song.
It determines a scale, and additionally controls for developments here and there the scale; which notes should figure progressively and which notes ought to be utilized all the more sparingly; and so forth.
The outcome is a system that can be utilized to create or extemporize songs in, with the goal that tunes in a specific raga will dependably be unmistakable yet permitting unending variety.
The closing section :-
The Main area which comprises of 31 parts shaping the Raga segment is trailed by a short shutting segment. This is made out of the Mundavani (The Closing Seal), a salok by Guru Arjan Ji and the last piece of the SGGS, which is the Ragamala
Message of Guru Granth Sahib :-
The Guru Granth Sahib Ji gives extraordinary and unequaled direction and guidance to the entire of mankind. The light will lead humankind out of Kaljug, to an existence in peace, serenity and otherworldly edification for every one of the countries of the World. The primary message can be summarized as:
All Peoples of the World are Equal, Women as Equals, One God for All, Speak and Live Truthfully, Control the Five Vices, Live in God’s Hukam, Practice Humility, Kindness, Compassion, Love, and so on
The Sikh Gurus: -
- Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji - 974 hymns
- Shri Guru Angad Dev Ji - 62 Couplets
- Shri Guru Amar Das Ji - 907 hymns
- Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji - 2,218 hymns
- Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji - 59 hymns and 56 Couplets (added by Guru Gobind Singh ji.)
Bhaktas and Sufis: -
- Beni - 3 hymns
- Bhatts - 123 Swatyyas
- Bhikhan - 2 hymns
- Dhanna - 4 hymns
- Farid - 4 hymns and 130 couplets
- Jaidev - 2 hymns
- Kabir - 292 hymns
- Namdev - 60 hymns
- Parmananda - 1 hymn
- Pipa - 1 hymn
- Ramananda - 1 hymn
- Ravidas - 441 hymns
- Sadhana - 1 hymn
- Sain - 1 hymn
- Satta and Balvand - 1 hymn
- Sundar - 1 hymn
- Sur Das - 2 hymns
- Trilochan - 4 hymns